1963 Animal Care Panel produces the first Guide for Laboratory Animal Facilities and Care. All subsequent editions of the Guide have been produced by Institute for Laboratory Animal Resources NRC/NAS.
- 1 What institutions are required to have an IACUC?
- 2 What are the requirements for animal use?
- 3 What animals are covered by IACUC?
- 4 What are the 4 required members of the IACUC committee?
- 5 Who appoints IACUC?
- 6 Who does the IACUC report to?
- 7 Why Is animal testing necessary?
- 8 Why is animal ethics important?
- 9 What are the laws that affect the use of animals in research teaching and testing?
- 10 What is the 28 hour law?
- 11 Is it legal to experiment on animals?
- 12 What animals are not covered by the Animal Welfare Act?
- 13 What does Aaalac stand for?
- 14 Who makes up an IACUC committee?
- 15 What does IACUC stand for?
What institutions are required to have an IACUC?
An institutional animal care and use committee (IACUC) is required by federal regulations for most institutions that use animals in research, teaching, and testing. The IACUC has a key oversight role, including the review and approval of animal use activities, and inspection of animal facilities.
What are the requirements for animal use?
use of appropriate species, quality, and number of animals. avoidance or minimization of discomfort, distress, and pain. use of appropriate sedation, analgesia, and anesthesia. establishment of humane endpoints.
What animals are covered by IACUC?
Protects all warm-blooded animals except rats, mice, and birds bred for research. This includes zoos, circuses, research labs, hospitals, businesses, federal agencies, dealers, breeders, etc. Each research institution that uses a covered species must have an IACUC review all animal experiment protocols.
What are the 4 required members of the IACUC committee?
Voting IACUC Members
- Chairperson. The chair facilitates proper committee conduct in the review of animal use protocols.
- Non-Scientist. A non-scientist is an individual who does not use animals in their teaching or research.
- University Attending Veterinarian.
- Nonaffiliated Member.
Who appoints IACUC?
1. The Institutional Official appoints members to standing university research committees and, as authorized by the President, appoints the Chair and members to the IACUC.
Who does the IACUC report to?
The evaluations include inspections of all animal use facilities every six months. The IACUC reports to the NIH Office of Laboratory Animal Welfare (OLAW) annually, and is issued an animal welfare assurance number by OLAW without which no federally funded use of animals in research may occur.
Why Is animal testing necessary?
The animal tests provide data on efficacy and safety. Testing on animals also serves to protect consumers, workers and the environment from the harmful effects of chemicals. All chemicals for commercial or personal use must be tested so that their effect on the people and animals exposed to them is understood.
Why is animal ethics important?
Animal welfare is important because there are so many animals around the world suffering from being used for entertainment, food, medicine, fashion, scientific advancement, and as exotic pets. Every animal deserves to have a good life where they enjoy the benefits of the Five Domains.
What are the laws that affect the use of animals in research teaching and testing?
The Animal Welfare Act (AWA) is the federal law governing the care and use of laboratory animals in the United States. The PHS Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals sets the standards for care and housing that must be provided for animals in PHS-funded studies.
What is the 28 hour law?
The statute provides that animals cannot be transported by “rail carrier, express carrier or common carrier” (except by air or water) for more than 28 consecutive hours without being unloaded for five hours for rest, water and food.
Is it legal to experiment on animals?
The Animal Welfare Act, signed into law in 1966 and updated by several amendments, is the only federal law that regulates the treatment of animals in research, exhibition, and transport, and by dealers. It applies to all research involving animals in the U.S., but it does not apply to all animals.
What animals are not covered by the Animal Welfare Act?
The following animals are not covered: farm animals used for food or fiber (fur, hide, etc.); coldblooded species (amphibians and reptiles); horses not used for research purposes; fish; invertebrates (crustaceans, insects, etc.); or birds, rats of the genus Rattus, and mice of the genus Mus that are bred for use in
What does Aaalac stand for?
The program started in 1965, when leading veterinarians and researchers organized the American Association for Accreditation of Laboratory Animal Care (AAALAC), as a private, nonprofit organization.
Who makes up an IACUC committee?
The IACUC’s roles as outlined in the Law (paragraph 14) indicate that the IACUC in public institutes must include at least three members: one veterinarian (according to the definition of veterinarian in the Law), one researcher from the life sciences or medicine disciplines, and one member who is not from the
What does IACUC stand for?
IACUC stands for Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee, and is a standing committee mandated by Federal law and regulations to oversee the animal care and use program at institutions using animals in research, teaching, or testing, in order to ensure the humane and ethical treatment of animals.