Semiquantitative, Colorimetric Reagent Strips: They are used routinely to determine urine pH, protein, glucose, ketones, bilirubin/urobilinogen, and occult blood.
- 1 What do urine reagent strips test for?
- 2 What urine tests is performed using a chemical test strip?
- 3 How do you read urine test strips?
- 4 Which reagent is used in urine test?
- 5 What does SG mean on a urine test strip?
- 6 What are the three types of urinalysis?
- 7 What types of examination are done on a complete urinalysis?
- 8 What is the normal chemical examination of urine?
- 9 How long does it take to get urine test results NHS?
- 10 What does it mean if you have a trace of leukocytes in your urine?
- 11 What is normal pH of urine?
- 12 What is the normal odor smell of urine?
- 13 What diseases can be diagnosed by testing urine?
- 14 What is the procedure and principle of urine test?
What do urine reagent strips test for?
Urine Reagent Strips are firm plastic strips onto which several separate reagent areas are affixed. The test is for the detection of one or more of the following analytes in urine: Leukocytes, Glucose, Ketone (Acetoacetic acid), Bilirubin, Blood, Specific Gravity, Protein, Urobilinogen, Nitrite, Ascorbic Acid, and pH.
What urine tests is performed using a chemical test strip?
The routine urinalysis includes chemical testing for pH, protein, glucose, ketones, occult blood, bilirubin, uro- bilinogen, nitrite, leukocyte esterase, and strip test method for specific gravity. The urinalysis offered by labo- ratories depends on the type of dipstick that is used.
How do you read urine test strips?
To test, simply follow the steps below:
- Collect urine mid-stream using a collection container.
- Dip the strip into the sample for no longer than 2 seconds and remove any excess by wiping the test strip on the side of the container.
- Read the results after 60 seconds (for testing for Leukocytes, read after 90-120 seconds).
Which reagent is used in urine test?
The proportions are 78% beta-hydroxybutyric acid, 20% acetoacetic acid and 2% acetone. The test used in the urine test strips is based on the reaction of sodium nitroprusside (nitroferricyanide).
What does SG mean on a urine test strip?
Definition. Urine specific gravity is a laboratory test that shows the concentration of all chemical particles in the urine.
What are the three types of urinalysis?
For a urinalysis, your urine sample is evaluated in three ways: visual exam, dipstick test and microscopic exam.
What types of examination are done on a complete urinalysis?
Urinalysis is the physical, chemical, and microscopic examination of urine. Examples of specific urinalysis tests that may be done to check for problems include:
- Red blood cell urine test.
- Glucose urine test.
- Protein urine test.
- Urine pH level test.
- Ketones urine test.
- Bilirubin urine test.
- Urine specific gravity test.
What is the normal chemical examination of urine?
Chemical examination of urine includes the identification of protein, blood cells, glucose, pH, bilirubin, urobilinogen, ketone bodies, nitrites, and leukocyte esterase. Finally, microscopic examination entails the detection of crystals, cells, casts, and microorganisms.
How long does it take to get urine test results NHS?
Results of urine and blood tests can take about seven working days to come back from the laboratory. The person ordering the test should tell you whether you need to make an appointment to come back, or whether you should phone for your results.
What does it mean if you have a trace of leukocytes in your urine?
If your doctor tests your urine and finds too many leukocytes, it could be a sign of infection. Leukocytes are white blood cells that help your body fight germs. When you have more of these than usual in your urine, it’s often a sign of a problem somewhere in your urinary tract.
What is normal pH of urine?
The normal values range from pH 4.6 to 8.0. The examples above are common measurements for results of these tests. Normal value ranges may vary slightly among different laboratories. Some labs use different measurements or test different samples.
What is the normal odor smell of urine?
Normal urine is clear and has a straw-yellow color. While the odor of urine can vary somewhat, in most cases, it does not have a strong smell. With dehydration, the urine is more concentrated and may have a stronger ammonia scent than normal.
What diseases can be diagnosed by testing urine?
The urinalysis is a set of screening tests that can detect some common diseases. It may be used to screen for and/or help diagnose conditions such as a urinary tract infections, kidney disorders, liver problems, diabetes or other metabolic conditions, to name a few.
What is the procedure and principle of urine test?
PRINCIPLE: Routine urinalysis consists of color, clarity specific gravity and a chemical examination including pH, albumin, glucose, ketones, bile, leukocyte esterase, nitrite, and blood. Microscopic examination, if indicated, includes cell identification, casts, crystals, bacteria, and miscellaneous.